This Spring having great, and almoſt continual Rains, with moſt frightful Floods, the Summer and Harveſt were droughty, clear, not one Drop of Rain the whole Harveſt. At Commora in Hungary, broke out the Hungarian Fever, in the Emperor Maximilian’s Army, juſt before he broke up that Campaign againſt the Turks. The exceſsive Spring Rains had made them two Months later in taking the Field. It encreaſed at Gewer ; and when his Soldiers were diſbanded, they carried the Contagion along with them, and diſperſed it all over Europe, eſpecially over Germany, Burgundy, Italy, Bohemia, and Flanders ; but chiefly in Vienna, through which moſt of them paſt in their Return home. They infected all Houſes there where they laid, and died ſo faſt themſelves, that the Streets, were covered with dead Bodies : This encreaſed the Infection. The Fever began at 3 or 4 a Clock in the Afternoon, with ſlight Cold and ſhivering for a quarter of an Hour ; this was followed ever after by an intenſe violent Heat, with an intolerable Pain of the Head, Hardneſs and Renitency, and Pain of the Mouth of the Stomach, ſo that the ſlighteſt Touch of ones Finger, or the Bed-cloaths, made the Sick throw out moſt piercing Screighs : (Theſe two laſt Pains being the characteriſtick and pathognominic Signs of this Fever.) Unquenchable Thirſt for the firſt two or three Days, eſpecially for Wine, which yet was certainly fatal to all that drunk it ; the Tongue was dry, the Lips chopt. The third Day they were delirious, yet then all talked of their own Trade or Buſineſs ; the Delirium continued ſeveral Days ; they grew worſe in the Evening, and the Fever was higheſt in the Night. Some ſpit Blood or had Pains in the Sides, or colical Pains in the Belly. A critical Looſeneſs, or Deafneſs were good Signs. Swellings behind the Ears were frequent. But the moſt miſerable Criſis was, Tubercles on the Top of the Foot, which, if neglected, or ill treated, often ended in a Mortification ; many had their Feet cut off. Such as outlived the 14th or 20th Day, recovered. All had Spots like Flea-bitings, ſome ſmaller, ſome larger, on their Breaſt, Back-bone, or Over their whole Body ; ſome had them on their Shoulders and Arms ; if livid or black, they were fatal. Large bleeding, at firſt Seizure, of all Things was moſt uſeful. Some gave the white of an Egg beaten to a Froth, with a Dram ; or half a Dram of Saffron poudered, in two Ounces of ſtrong Spirits ; and cleanſed their Mouth with a Cloth dipt in the ſame Mixture : This they gave at Night, and ſome repeated it next Morning ; but none had it a third Time, for they every one died before Night. Some gave the expreſsied Juice of 20 Leaves of Houſleek either with a Scruple of Sal Armoniac, or a little Camphire in Spring Water ; this ſucceeded better. But the moſt ſucceſsful and rational Method was, after bleeding and a Laxative, and ordering acid Drink, and a Diet, to give briſk Diaphoretics, as Mithridate, Treacle ; thus, Take Treacle of Alexandria, choice Mithridate, of each three Ounces ; the beſt Zedoary, one Ounce ; white Ginger, half an Ounce ; Roots of Tormentil, Pimpernel, Snake Root, of each three Drams ; Camphire, two Drams ; Myrrh, Saffron, Bone of a Stag’s Heart, Dittany, of each two Scruples ; mix for Uſe : Give in Spring Water and Vinegar. Or in the following, Take Dittany, Madder Roots, Avens, wild Rue, Scabious, Peony, Hyſsop, beſt Treacle, of each half an Ounce ; Gentian Root, Armenian Bole, Caſtor, St. John’s Wort, Tormentil Roots, of each a Dram ; infuſe the Powders two Days in Brandy, then the Treacle being mixt, keep the filtred Liquor for Uſe. Some truſted to Zedoary only, given in cordial Waters. Such as were ignorant of, or neglected the Influence of the Air, laid the whole Cauſe of this Diſeaſe on eating too much freſh Meat new killed ; or on the groſs Hungarian Air ; or on the ſtrong Wines of that Country ; or on the too great Plenty of Fiſh, filthy Drink, the Naſtineſs of the Camp, &c. But the Hungarians themſelves had ſtill better Succeſs with their own Method of Cure, for very few of them died in this Fever ; they took freſh clean waſhed Lovage Roots, pounded them in new Hogs Lard purged from its Skins, made a Cataplaſm, and ſpread it all over the ſhaven Head cold, eſpecially the Forehead and Temples ; then they took a Sheet and dipt it in hot Water, or in warm Wine and Water, and wrapt it about their whole Body, then lay down and ſweat profuſely ; and put a Pultis of Garlick, ſteept in Vinegar, and beaten up with Bayſalt, to the Wriſts and Soles of the Feet. Jordan de Peſte. Phanom. Tract.--- Query, may not the Cure of Epidemics or Epidemies be beſt learned from the People, where the Diſeaſe is a Native ?