In the Beginning of the Spring, Pleuriſies and Peripneumonies prevailed, not without ſome Suſpicion of Malignity ; they began with Shivering, and an intenſe Fever ; ſometimes a fear of Suffocation, as in a Peripneumony ; inſtead of this, ſome had ſhooting Pains in the Head, Shoulders, Hinds, and Feet ; and in the Loins, Sides, and Breaſt ; after Bleeding, they all evaniſhed, except thoſe in the Sides or Breaſt Bone ; extending after to the Stomach and Hypochonders, with the greateſt Straitneſs and Compreſſion of thoſe Parts, and not ſeldom a Vomiting ſupervened. Some fell into violent Gripes, and Diſtention of the Inteſtines, with ſuch Severity as though the Inteſtines were cut on both Sides. In theſe Difficulties, neither Bleeding, Laxative, nor Scarifications, nor other external or internal Remedies, proper in a Pleuriſy, availed any Thing ; but moſt died on the fourth or ſixth Day on the Attack of Suffocation. Moreover, the Diſeaſe ſtill continuing, the Urine of moſt was red and turbidſ; the Fever was either more gentle or ſevere, the Pulſe languid or intermittent. Some were delirious before they died. It was obſerved, that fewer eſcaped who were let Blood, than ſuch as did not let it ; therefore all Antipleuritic Methods formerly, and in other Places found ſucceſſful, failing in this, it was thought to have ſome latent Malignity attending it ; but giving a Sweat of Butterbur Root, and Corn Poppy Flowers in Carduus Water, reſtored many, do after what was neceſſary. Often about the Sides and Sternum, were pricking Pains, indicating an Inflammation of the Diaphragm. Jacob. Æthæus.